This is a guide on how to use the Traction Control Function for typical street or mild racing use. This guide will focus on the newer Percentage Cut system found on Nexus VCU and Elite ECU with firmware v2.34-onwards. The Percentage Cut method allows for smoother intervention and easier tuning. As such it is the preferred method and the older PID Method should not be used.
The guide also assumes that wheel speed sensors have already been installed and calibrated.
What is Traction Control?
Ford G6E Turbo - T/C OFF with insufficent grip available
Traction control is a control system whereby the ECU will detect wheel spin by comparing the driven wheel speeds to the undriven wheel speeds, and if sufficient slip is detected it will attempt to limit engine power output by cutting fuel or ignition outputs.
Traction Control not only aids with getting power to the ground more effectively but also can help maintain vehicle stability by preventing excessively yaw (sideways drift) which assists in keeping the vehicle pointed straight. For times when some sideways action is wanted, the system can be disabled with a hardwired switch or via an ECU condition or channel of the tuners preference.
For Traction Control to work there needs to be a speed sensor mounted on at least one front wheel and one rear wheel, with better control possible with all four wheels supplying a speed signal. When the vehicle is driven in a straight line with no possibility of wheel slip then all speed sensors should be reading the same speed. If one or more are not matching they need to be calibrated so that they are.
VIDEO - Traction Control Basics + Setup
If you made it this far and didn't feel like watching the video never fear. We still have your important bits covered in the rest of this article.
Configuring Traction Control
There is very little that needs to be done to configure traction control. It just simply requires the function to be enabled.
in the Wiring tab select the Traction Control Type as Percentage Cut. At this point, you can select whether you want to use a switch to disable the Traction Control.
Driven Wheel Speed Minimum Speed
Sets the speed that must be exceeded before traction control will intervene. If set too low the engine may bog down and lose forward drive, or possibly even stall.
Ramp Out Rate
Only used when the Traction Control Type is set to PID Control From Vehicle Speeds. Otherwise it has no effect when Percentage Cut is used.
Allows you to select if Fuel or Ignition will be cut. Ignition can act a little faster, however it can lead to excess fuel passing through the engine and into the exhaust. Fuel cut is very slightly slower but results it less fuel washing the engine or pooling in the exhaust.
This allows a certain condition to be used as a way to switch on or off the Traction control. This can be any channel of information present in the ECU that the tuner prefers.
TABLES AND TUNING
Desired Slip Table
The Desired Slip Table sets the amount of slip percentage before Traction Control will intervene. Setting this with values that are too low can result in false tripping of the traction control system. Setting the values too high results in large amounts of wheel slip before any intervention occurs.
In the below example a Haltech Rotary Trim Module (HT-010504) was added to the system to allow 12 levels of traction control. This allows the driver to set large variations in tyre slip that can be selected from the dial and makes initial configuration much easier. The drive will simply move the dial until the amount of slip feels suitable for the conditions. In the example position 1 has been set to disable traction control by allowing 100% slip.
A sample Desired Slip Table using a Rotary Trim Module
The Haltech Rotary Trim Module (HT-010504)
After testing has been performed some of the higher or lower extremes of the table can be trimmed away to make the system more suitable for the vehicle.
The Cut Percentage table control the percentage of fuel or ignition pulses that are cut from the engine based on the amount of Slip Error. The Slip Error is the amount of slip that exceeds the values used in the Desired Slip Table (above). As more Slip Error is produced the Percentage Cut should also increase to reduce engine power output.
In the below example a Haltech Rotary Trim Module has been used to allow 12 levels of Cut Percentage. Level 1 disables any cut from occurring, and level 12 intervenes more heavily. This can be a very useful way to tune the Traction Control by allowing the driver to select the level that suits the vehicle and conditions more easily.
A sample Cut Percentage Table using a Rotary Trim Module
As a starting point, a higher level of cut should be used, and then gradually reduce the amount of cut percentage until correct vehicle control is achieved.